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Internet Lesson 1

Internet 101 What is the Internet?

The Internet Today

In the early days, most people just used the Internet to search for information. Today's Internet is a constantly evolving tool, that not only contains an amazing variety of information, but also provides new ways of accessing, interacting and connecting with people and content. As a result, new terms are constantly appearing as new technologies are introduced.

 

What is the Internet?

The Internet is the largest computer network in the world, connecting millions of computers. A network is a group of two or more computer systems linked together.

It's no secret that more and more the Internet is becoming an integral part of our everyday lives. But if you are new to the online experience, it may be a bit overwhelming. You may be wondering,

"What exactly is the Internet, and how does it work?"

A brief overview of the Internet, and some fundamental concepts such as networks, servers, and clients.

 

 

There are two main types of computer networks:

1. Local Area Network (LAN): A LAN is two or more connected computers sharing certain resources in a relatively small geographic location, often in the same building. Examples include home networks and office networks.

2. Wide Area Network (WAN): A WAN typically consists of two or more LANs. The computers are farther apart and are linked by telephone lines, dedicated telephone lines, or radio waves.

 

The Internet is the largest Wide Area Network (WAN) in existence.

 

Servers and Clients

In peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, each computer acts as both a server and a client. Examples of P2P software include Skype and BitTorrent.

Did you know?

A server with multiple clients
You may have heard someone say something like "The server is down" or "We're having problems with the e-mail server."

A server is a computer that "serves" many different computers in a network by running specialized software and storing information. For example, web pages are stored on servers.

 

When you access a web page, your computer is acting as a client. A client runs familiar software such as web browsers or email software, and it communicates with the server to get the information it requires.

In order for your browser to display a web page, it requests the data from the server where the page is stored. The server processes the request, then sends the data to your browser, where it is displayed.

The foundation of the Internet began in 1969, when the US Department of Defense created ARPAnet, a project to allow military personnel to communicate with each other in an emergency.

By 2011, the number of Internet users worldwide reached 2 billion—over one quarter of the world's population.